Sc.B. Geological Sciences (Honours) 1976 – Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A.
MSc. Geological Sciences 1978 – Queen’s University, Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering, Kingston, Ontario
LLB. 1980 – University of Saskatchewan, College of Law, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; admitted in Saskatchewan in 1981 and in Alberta in 1982